Headlines Plugin

Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites


This plugin displays RSS and ATOM feeds from news sites. Use it to build news portals that show headline news.

Note: Syndic8.com ( http://www.syndic8.com/ ) lists many RSS feeds.

Syntax Rules


Parameter Explanation Default
"..." source of RSS feed; this can be an url (starting with http) or a web.topic location for internal feeds None; is required
href="..." (Alternative to above) N/A
refresh="60" Refresh rate in minutes for caching feed; "0" for no caching Global REFRESH setting
limit="12" Maximum number of items shown Global LIMIT setting
touch="..." Touch (edit/save) topics if the feed has updates. Specify a comma-space delimited list of TopicNames or Web.TopicNames, such as "%TOPIC%, NewsLetter". Useful to send out newsletter using MailerContrib, showing new feeds since last newsletter. To update feeds, visit topics with feeds in regular intervals (using cron with wget or the like). N/A
header Header. Can include these variables: - $channeltitle, $title: title of channel (channel.title)
- $channellink, $link: link of channel (channel.link)
- $channeldescription, $description: description (channel.description)
- $channeldate, $date: publication date of the channel (channel.pubDate)
- $rights: copyrights of the channel (channel.copyright)
- $imagetitle: title text for site (image.title)
- $imagelink: link for site (image.link)
- $imageurl: URL of image (image.url)
- $imagedescription: description of image (image.description)
Global HEADER setting
format Format of one item. Can include these variables:
- $title: news item title (item.title)
- $link: news item link (item.link)
- $description: news item description (item.description)
- $date: the publication date (item.pubDate, item.date)
- $category: the article category (item.category)
Global FORMAT setting

The header and format parameters might also use variables rendering the dc, image and content namespace information. Note, that only bits of interest have been implemented so far and those namespaces might not be implemented fully yet.

Rendering the dc namespace

The following variables are extracting the dc namespace info, that could be used in header and format. Nnote, that some of the variables are already used above. This is done by purpose to use different feeds with the same formating parameters. If there's a conflict the non-dc tags have higher precedence, i.e. a <title> content </title> is prefered over <dc:title> content </dc:title> .

  • $title: channel/article title (dc:title)
  • $creator: channel creator (dc:creator)
  • $subject: subject text; this will also add an image according to the subject hash list, see above (dc:subject)
  • $description: ... (dc:description)
  • $publisher: the channel/article publisher (dc:publisher)
  • $contributor: ... (dc:contributor)
  • $date: ... (dc:date)
  • $type: ... (dc:type)
  • $format: ... (dc:format)
  • $identifier: ... (dc:identifier)
  • $source: ... (dc:source)
  • $language: ... (dc:language)
  • $relation: ... (dc:relation)
  • $coverage: ... (dc: coverage)
  • $rights: ... (dc: rights)

Rendering the image namespace

An image:item is converted into an <img> tag using the following mappings:

  • src: image url (rdf:about attribute of the image.item tag)
  • alt: image title (title)
  • width: image width (image:width)
  • height: image height image:height)

Rendering the content namespace

The variable $content is refering to the <content:encoding> content </content:encoding>.


Slashdot News


%HEADLINES{ "http://slashdot.org/slashdot.rdf" 
  header="*[[$link][$title]]:* $description" 
  format="$t* [[$link][$title]]"
to get the latest Slashdot news as a bullet list format:

Business Opportunities Weblog


%HEADLINES{ "http://www.business-opportunities.biz/feed" limit="2" }%

to get the latest postings on the "Business Opportunities" weblog:

Sun, 15 Sep 2019 20:46:03 +0000
The original blog about business opportunities and business ideas for small business entrepreneurs
Sun, 15 Sep 2019 20:46:01 +0000 Carrol Strain
Featured image from Pexels

Conducting your hiring process online is a bit of a mixed bag. On the one hand, it's easier than ever before to get plenty of applicants for your job, so that you have plenty to choose from. On the other hand, you could get too many applications. And a lot of those applicants will not be right for the job, using up your valuable time. But luckily there are a few simple changes you can make. You can boost your online hiring process, in other words, and make it an effective strategy.

Optimize Your Website for Search Engines

When you’re doing your hiring online, you need people to find your job listing online. Therefore, if you have the job description listed on your website, you'll want to make it easy for people to find this page through search engines.

Search engines are a common way that people find new job listings. So you'll want yours to appear at the top of the results. To do this, however, you'll want to use SEO strategies across your website, and not just on the job listing page. A few things you'll want to look into are:


Provide a Detailed Job Description for Your Online Hiring

Sometimes businesses get too many applicants when they’re hiring online because they are not clear about what they're looking for.

In short, if your job description is vague, whether it's in the requirements for the job, the daily activities one would do in the job, the compensation or something else, more people will feel like they fit the description.

So when you’re creating your job description for online hiring, be as specific as you can. Let your applicants know what things you absolutely require. Then list those things you're flexible about, the schedule they'll work, the company's internal culture, and anything else you can think of. This way, when someone applies to the job, it's more likely they'll be a good fit.

Share on Relevant Job Boards for More Effective Online Hiring

The other major way people find jobs online is through job boards. Once you have your job page up and running, you should share the link on any relevant job boards to gain more exposure.

Sites like Indeed, Monster, and Craigslist are all great places to start for online hiring. Additionally, when posting your job to these sites, be sure to write an eye-catching title. Then give the link back to your website and include some keywords.

Require Applicants to Create an Online Hiring Account

Between optimizing your website for search engines and posting the job opening on popular job boards, you should now have plenty of people flooding into your site. To make the number of applicants a little more manageable, one thing you can do is have them create an account on your site.

Requiring candidates to create an account with information like their name, address, and contact information does two things. First, it eliminates anyone from your online hiring process who isn't willing to put in a few extra minutes to apply. Second, you'll be able to create a database of applicants. Then you can then search through that database later on if another job opens up.

To add a ''Create an Account'' feature to your online hiring process, you'll need a few things. To start, you'll want a form on your jobs page asking for applicant information. This should connect to a database that stores all the information for each candidate.

Finally, you may want some form of authentication to ensure no spam applicants find their way into your online hiring system. Do this by sending out an email confirmation. Better yet, look into an SMS API to send the confirmation to their phone.

Screen Candidates with Tests

300w, online-hiring-2a-768x436.png 768w, online-hiring-2a-696x395.png 696w, online-hiring-2a-1068x606.png 1068w, online-hiring-2a-740x420.png 740w, online-hiring-2a.png 1200w" sizes="(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px" />
Image from Pexels

Even with a detailed job description for your online hiring and requiring applicants to create an account, you might still get more applicants than you can handle. So another way to whittle down the pack is through online screening tests.

For example, you could create a quick multiple-choice question test about how they would handle certain situations they're likely to face in this job. Or if your job requires fast typing, have them take an online typing test and submit the results to you. You can then use these test results to eliminate anyone who performed poorly.

When designing these tests, don't make them too difficult. You don't want to miss out on a great candidate simply because they didn't understand one of the questions. The point of the tests is to see who is clearly not ready for the job and to make managing the number of applicants just a little easier. To get started, there are plenty of pre-employment testing software options that will make the process of designing an online hiring test easy.

Make Your Business an Attractive Place to Work

When creating your online hiring process, it's important to remember that the best candidates likely have other options besides you. This means you need to do everything you can to make your business an attractive place to work. You can do this through some of the standard ways, such as offering a competitive salary or benefits package.

However, you can also think outside the box to boost your online hiring process. For instance, if your business is known for something special or does something better than anyone else, you can use this when promoting your open position.

For example, the company Pixelz was recently invited to join in a project promoting sustainability in Vietnam. Remarkably, they were one of only 10 companies that were selected to do so. Engaging in a sustainability project shows that they are a forward-thinking business. And the exclusivity of it shows that they are an in-demand company. Think about what your own business can brag about. Then use this whenever you're conducting an online hiring search to bring in the best candidates.

Keep Things Simple

Finally, even with all the steps mentioned above, you should still aim to keep your application process simple. While you want to weed out those people who aren't willing to spend a few minutes on their application, you don't want to make it so complicated that no one applies. Just because someone is looking for a job doesn't mean they have all day to fill out your application and go through your process. Keep your application process as short as possible, while still effectively eliminating those people who are not qualified for the job.

Start Boosting Your Online Hiring Process

Posting your job opening online can bring in a lot of applicants-often too many. By using the strategies mentioned above, you can not only ensure that your job opening gets in front of as many eyes as possible, but that those not suitable for the job are removed from contention early on. This will help you to find the best candidates so that when it comes time to start conducting interviews, you have the strongest possible field in front of you.

The post 7 Ways to Boost Your Online Hiring Process appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Sun, 15 Sep 2019 19:31:47 +0000 Carrol Strain
Image by Arek Socha from Pixabay 

When you’re new to the Forex markets things can get overwhelming pretty quickly. For one thing, there are all those charts you need to learn about. Plus, there is a lot of jargon that can be intimidating to new traders. For example, might have heard some of the old timers talking about a CFD, among other things.

But don't let all the jargon confuse you. For example, CFD is an acronym for “contract for difference.” If that’s still discombobulating, read on. We’re going to explain all about CFD’s, right here and now.


A CFD Allows Traders to Speculate on Various Financial Instruments

A CFD, simply put, is contract between a Forex broker and a trader that allows the trader to speculate on the price movement of a financial instrument. For example, with a CFD you could speculate on currencies, commodities, indices, energies, and equities.

As a Forex trader, you choose a financial instrument and speculate on whether its value will increase or decrease. For example, let’s say you pick currencies. In that case, you speculate on the value of one currency against the value of another.

Then you open a trade, typically on an MT4 online trading platform. (Sometimes, traders refer to their trades as “positions.” So there. We’ve just translated another bit of Forex jargon for you.)

When you open a position with your broker, you've entered a contract for difference, or a CFD.

In other words, you and your broker have agreed to exchange the difference between the opening price of the contract and the closing price of the contract. Meanwhile, you never have to physically purchase or acquire the asset you're trading.

Here’s How It Works

Let’s say you believe the price of gold will go up. So you open a buy position now while the price of gold is still fairly low. You’re hoping, of course, that you can sell your position later, when hopefully the value of the gold will be greater.

If everything goes your way, you will be able to use your CFD to profit from speculating that the price of gold would go up. However, you never would have had to buy, ship, or store, a load of gold bars.

It’s always good to remember, though, that the Forex markets are risky. If the price of gold were to drop in our fictional trade, you could lose all the money you invested, depending on the closing price of the contract. On the other hand, you can always set the price at which you wish to close your position. That is called the ''stop loss'' price. (There. Another bit of jargon translated.) When you set a stop loss, you minimize your risk.

With a CFD You Can Start with a Small Investment

Before the advent of online CFD trading, only financial professionals or institutions could access and profit from the global Forex markets, unless a particular individual was able somehow to physically exchange money.

Therefore, CFD’s make it possible for anyone who’s interested in the Forex markets to participate in this industry, regardless of where they are in the world.

Additionally, CFD’s are leveraged products. This means you could invest only a small amount to get started. For example, you might invest only 1% of the capital, and with that small amount you could still gain a profit from Forex market movements.

In addition, since CFD’s monetize your prediction on price movement, you can profit from ''short selling.'' This means that you speculate that the price of an asset will go down. Again,you don’t need to actually own that asset in a physical sense.

Therefore, regardless of how the markets are doing, there is always a way to make money and manage your risk. What’s more, you don't have to be super wealthy already, and you don’t need to have a big pile of valuable stock shares to get started. In other words, anyone can become a Forex trader.

How Should You Go About Trading CFD's? 

The basics of CFD trading include a laptop, an Internet connection, and an account with your Forex broker of choice.

However, you also need to have studied and practiced for several hundred hours on a demo account with your broker. Only then should you begin to take small risks in Forex trading with your own money.

Another absolute essential is that you need to have an allocated amount of money that you are willing to lose. Once you begin your Forex trading adventures, you'll quickly learn that the Forex market is volatile. Therefore, never ever enter Forex trade with money you are not prepared to lose entirely.

Now that you know what a CFD is, are you ready to learn more? If so, set up your free MT4 demo account with Orbex, and start practicing today.

The post What the Heck Is a CFD Anyway? appeared first on Business Opportunities.

Plugin Settings

Plugin settings are stored as preferences variables. To reference a plugin setting write %<plugin>_<setting>%, for example, %HEADLINESPLUGIN_SHORTDESCRIPTION%. Note: Don't modify the settings here; copy and customize the settings in Main.TWikiPreferences. For example, to customize the USERAGENTNAME setting, create a HEADLINESPLUGIN_USERAGENTNAME setting in Main.TWikiPreferences.

  • One line description, shown in the TextFormattingRules topic:
    • Set SHORTDESCRIPTION = Show headline news in TWiki pages based on RSS and ATOM news feeds from external sites

  • Refresh rate in minutes for cached feeds. Disable caching: 0, default: 60
    • Set REFRESH = 60

  • Maximum number of items shown. Default: 100
    • Set LIMIT = 100

  • Use LWP::UserAgent, or fallback to TWiki's internal getUrl() method. Default: yes

  • Timeout fetching a feed using the LWP::UserAgent. Default: 20

  • Name of user agent. Default: TWikiHeadlinesPlugin/2.21
      * Set USERAGENTNAME = TWikiHeadlinesPlugin/2.21

  • Default header: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set HEADER = <div class="headlinesChannel"><div class="headlinesLogo"><img src="$imageurl" alt="$imagetitle" border="0" />%BR%</div><div class="headlinesTitle">$n---+!! <a href="$link">$title</a></div><div class="headlinesDate">$date</div><div class="headlinesDescription">$description</div><div class="headlinesRight">$rights</div></div>

  • Default format of one item: (variables are explained in the syntax rules)
      * Set FORMAT = <div class="headlinesArticle"><div class="headlinesTitle"><a href="$link">$title</a></div>$n<span class="headlinesDate">$date</span> <span class="headlinesCreator"> $creator</span> <span class="headlinesSubject"> $subject </span>$n<div class="headlinesText"> $description</div></div>

  • Values taken from configure: (only supported if CPAN:LWP is installed)
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{HOST} - proxy host, such as "proxy.example.com";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{PORT} - proxy port, such as "8080";
    • $TWiki::cfg{PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} - domains excluded from proxy, such as "intra.example.com, bugs.example.com";

Style Sheets

The default HEADER and FORMAT settings use the following styles. See the style.css file defining the default CSS properties (indentation illustrates enclosure).

  • headlinesRss: output of the HeadlinesPlugin (div)
    • headlinesChannel: channel header (div)
      • headlinesLogo: channel logo (div)
      • headlinesTitle: channel title (div)
      • headlinesDate: channel date (div)
      • headlinesDescription: channel description (div)
      • headlinesRight: channel copyright (div)
    • headlinesArticle: one news item (div)
      • headlinesTitle: article title (div)
      • headlinesDate: article date (span)
      • headlinesCreator: author of article (span)
      • headlinesSubject: subect category of the article (span)
      • headlinesText: article text (div)

Plugin Installation Instructions

  • Download the ZIP file.
  • Unzip it in your twiki installation directory. Content:
    File: Description:
    data/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin.txt plugin topic
    pub/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/style.css default css
    lib/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin.pm plugin perl module
    lib/TWiki/HeadlinesPlugin/Core.pm plugin core
    Check if above examples show a news feed instead of variable.
  • Optionally, run HeadlinesPlugin_installer.pl to automatically check and install other TWiki modules that this module depends on. You can also do this step manually.
  • Alternatively, manually make sure the dependencies listed in the table below are resolved.
    Digest::MD5>=2.33Required. Download from CPAN:Digest::MD5
    LWP::UserAgent>=5.803Optional. Download from CPAN:LWP::UserAgent

Plugin Info

Plugin Author: TWiki:Main.PeterThoeny, TWiki:Main.MichaelDaum
Copyright: © 2002-2010, Peter Thoeny, Twiki, Inc.; 2005-2007, Michael Daum http://wikiring.de
License: GPL (GNU General Public License)
Plugin Version: v2.6 - 2010-05-16
Change History:  
2010-05-16: TWikibug:Item6433 - more doc improvements
2010-04-25: TWikibug:Item6433 - doc fix: Changing TWIKIWEB to SYSTEMWEB
2010-02-27: TWikibug:Item6313 - fixed bug in ATOM feed with <link ...></link> instead of <link ... /> -- Peter Thoeny
2009-09-30: fixed bug in lastBuildDate of feeds affecting touch parameter functionality -- Peter Thoeny
2009-08-29: added touch parameter -- Peter Thoeny
12 Feb 2009: {PROXY}{HOST} supports domain with and without protocol -- Peter Thoeny
06 Feb 2009: added {PROXY}{SkipProxyForDomains} configure setting, added USERAGENTNAME plugin setting -- Peter Thoeny
11 Dec 2008: added {PROXY}{HOST} and {PROXY}{PORT} configure settings -- Peter Thoeny
13 Sep 2007: fixed parsing of content:encoded
23 Jul 2006: improved atom parser; if a posting has no title default to 'Untitled'
26 Apr 2006: added lazy compilation
10 Feb 2006: packaged using the TWiki:Plugins/BuildContrib; minor fixes
03 Feb 2006: off-by-one: limit="n" returned n+1 articles; make FORMAT and HEADER format strings more robust
23 Jan 2006: released v2.00
05 Dec 2005: internal feed urls must be absolute
02 Dec 2005: added web.topic shorthand for internal feeds
29 Nov 2005: fixed CDATA handling
21 Nov 2005: added ATOM support; extended RSS support; added dublin core support; added content support; optionally using LWP to fetch feeds to follow redirections; corrected CPAN dependencies ; recoding special chars from html integer to entity encoding to increase browser compatibility; added css support; use getWorkArea() if available
11 May 2005: TWiki:Main.WillNorris: added DevelopBranch compatability
31 Oct 2004: Fixed taint issue by TWiki:Main.AdrianWeiler; small performance improvement
29 Oct 2004: Fixed issue of external caching if mod_perl or SpeedyCGI is used
02 Aug 2002: Implemented caching of feeds, thanks to TWiki:Main/RobDuarte
11 Jun 2002: Initial version (V1.000)
Perl Version: 5.8
TWiki:Plugins/Benchmark: GoodStyle 100%, FormattedSearch 99.5%, HeadlinesPlugin 94%
Plugin Home: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPlugin
Feedback: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPluginDev
Appraisal: http://TWiki.org/cgi-bin/view/Plugins/HeadlinesPluginAppraisal

Related Topics: TWikiPlugins, AdminDocumentationCategory, TWikiPreferences

Topic revision: r1 - 2010.05.17 - TWikiContributor
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